Amyand’s hernia (AH) is a form of inguinal hernia which is consider as very rare and this type of hernia occurred up to 1% of all inguinal hernia cases. In this type of inguinal hernia, the content of hernia sac is appendix. Most patient with AH often remains asymptomatic and diagnosed intraoperatively. The diagnosis is challenging, since needs a high index of suspicion and imaging is key. Surgery is the mainstay management. We report a case of Amyand’s hernia that was managed operatively in our medium complex public institution.
A 28 year’s old man with normal body mass index (BMI) who had a history of right-side reducible linguino-scrotal swelling for 8 years, was admitted for elective right inguinal hernia repair. Two weeks back before admission, he noticed that swelling was slightly painful. Ultrasound of the abdomen reported normal findings. There was no history of abdominal pain and vomiting. Laboratory parameters were within normal limit. So, with a diagnosis of right sided partially reducible, incomplete, and indirect inguinal hernia, patient was operated for open hernia repair surgery, intra operatively we found dense adhesions within the sac, adhesions were released which revealed herniation of appendix into the inguinal canal. Appendix was mildly congested without gross evidence of inflammation. Hence, in view of noninflamed appendix, preperitoneal mesh (polypropylene) hernioplasty from Lichtenstein tension-free mesh repair was performed with appendicectomy. Postoperative period was uneventful, patient discharged at second day.
Amyand’s hernia is very uncommon and characterized by the presence of the appendix in the hernia sac and it is 0.4-1% of all inguinal hernia cases, literature review also showed that incidence of Amyand’s hernia is very rare, whereas only 0.1% of cases complicate into acute appendicitis due to late presentation and missed diagnosis.
Amyand’s hernia (AH) makes up only a small proportion of most inguinal hernia cases, and its diagnosis is usually based on incidental finding intra-operatively. This condition may remain asymptomatic and behave like a normal inguinal hernia. Management of this type of hernia should be individualized according to appendix’s inflammation stage, presence of abdominal sepsis and co-morbidity. With this approach it enables surgeons to manage more variations of Amyand’s hernia. Laparoscopy for dealing Amyand’s hernia is frequently diagnostic as well as therapeutic.

Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.