Although the risk calculator of the National Clinical Database (RC-NCD) has been widely used to predict the occurrence of mortality and major morbidity in Japan, it has not been demonstrated whether a correlation between the calculated RC-NCD risk score and the actual occurrence of mortality and severe morbidity exists.
The clinical data of 585 patients who underwent pulmonary resection for non-small cell lung cancer were collected, and the risk factors for postoperative morbidity were analyzed to verify the validity of the RC-NCD.
The coexistence of asthma (p = 0.02), nutrition lymphocyte ratio (p = 0.04), and pulmonary lobe (p < 0.01) were significant risk factors for postoperative morbidity in the present study, and the percent-predicted vital capacity (p < 0.01), pulmonary lobe (p = 0.03), and type of operative procedure (p = 0.01) were significant risk factors for severe postoperative morbidity. Furthermore, in patients received lobectomy, coexistence of asthma (p = 0.01) and pulmonary lobe (p < 0.01) were identified as significant risk factors for postoperative morbidity. Meanwhile, male sex (p = 0.01), high BMI (p < 0.01), low vital capacity (p = 0.04), and pulmonary lobe (p = 0.03) were identified as significant risk factors for severe postoperative morbidity.
Given that the pulmonary lobe was a significant risk factor for postoperative morbidity in patients received pulmonary resection and for severe postoperative morbidity in patients received lobectomy, the RC-NCD for postoperative morbidity needs to be modified according to high-risk lobes.
The Institutional Review Board of Kanazawa Medical University approved the protocol of this retrospective study (approval number: I392), and written informed consent was obtained from all patients.

© 2022. The Author(s).