With the rapid rising prevalence, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has become one of the leading causes of maternal and child mortality and morbidity worldwide. The present study aimed to analyze GDM-related risk factors for early intervention.
From January to June 2018, a total of 250 pregnant women from Chengdu Second People’s Hospital were enrolled in the study. According to the diagnostic criteria for GDM, they were assigned into GDM group (n = 48) and non-GDM group (n = 202). The clinical data and biochemical indicators were compared between GDM group and non-GDM group, and Logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the risk factors of GDM.
GDM group was significantly higher than non-GDM group in the age, pregnancy times, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level, history of diabetes mellitus in first-degree relatives, incidence of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and the positive rate of thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) (P < 0.05), whereas was conspicuously lower than non-GDM group in the education level above junior college (P < 0.05). The results of Logistic regression analysis revealed that the age [odds ratios (OR) = 1.125, 95% confidential interval (CI) = 1.019-1.241, P = 0.020], pre-pregnancy BMI (OR = 1.280, 95%CI = 1.118-1.466, P < 0.001), history of diabetes mellitus in first-degree relatives (OR = 4.938, 95%CI = 1.418-17.196, P = 0.012) and TPOAb (+) (OR = 4.849, 95%CI = 1.742-13.501, P = 0.003) were the risk factors of GDM.
Advanced age, pre-pregnancy BMI overweight, history of diabetes mellitus in first-degree relatives and TPOAb (+) are associated with an increased risk of GDM.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.

References

PubMed