Anti-CD19 mAb modified mesoporous titanium dioxide as exclusively targeting vector for efficient B-lymphoblastic leukemia therapy.
B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-LL) is a clonal hematopoietic stem cell neoplasm derived from B-cell progenitors, which mainly occurs in children and adolescents and is one of the main causes of death from malignant tumors in this population. The surface marker CD19 is specifically expressed on the membrane of most malignant B-cells, which is widely used as a marker of B-LL antigen-specific immunotherapy. In this study, mesoporous titanium dioxide nanoparticles (MTNs)-based antibody drug delivery system was designed for B-LL treatment. Anti-CD19 monoclonal antibody was conjugated to PEGylated MTNs, and doxorubicin (DOX) was loaded in the nanoparticle. The CD19-PEG-MTN/DOX nanoparticle could recognize CD19 B-LL cell lines and induced them apoptosis, but nontoxic for the normal cells. Further, after treated with CD19-PEG-MTN/DOX nanoparticle, pro-apoptotic proteins Bax and Caspase-3 in KOPN 8 and NALM-6 cells were significantly upregulated, but anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl2, MCL-1, HSP 70, and BAG 3 were downregulated, which indicated the activation of the apoptosis pathway by the nanodrug. By contrast, CD19-PEG-MTN/DOX didn’t play a part on CD19 cell line U937. Besides, the cytotoxicity of CD19-PEG-MTN/DOX was low with good biocompatibility. Collectively, CD19-PEG-MTN/DOX is a promising antitumor nanodrug for the treatment of B-LL.Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.