One folk use of Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. in “Dai” ethno-medicine system is to treat gouty arthritis, which might be caused by hyperuricemia, but anti-hyperuricemic investigation of A. scholaris were rarely reported.
To verify anti-hyperuricemic property of A. scholaris, and explore its bioactive compounds in vivo and in vitro.
The anti-hyperuricemic bioactivity of the non-alkaloids fraction and compounds were evaluated with potassium oxonate (PO) induced hyperuricemia mice model in vivo, and monosodium urate (MSU) induced human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) was selected to test in vitro, respectively, with benzobromarone as the positive control. 11 triterpenoids were isolated by phytochemical methods and their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and ECD calculation.
The non-alkaloids fraction of A. scholaris decreased the serum uric acid (UA) level in mice model significantly at the doses of 100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg, and then nine ursane- and two oleanane-triterpenoids including four new compounds (1-3 and 10) were isolated from the bioactive fraction, in which compounds 1, 4, 5, 6 and 10 exhibited better anti-hyperuricemic tendency in vitro by promoting the excretion of UA in MSU-induced HK-2 cell model at a concentration of 5 μM. Furthermore, compounds 1 and 4 were proved to reduce the serum UA level in mice significantly at 5 mg/kg in vivo.
The results supported the traditional use of A. scholaris in treating gouty arthritis, and also provided new bioactive triterpenoids for further chemical and pharmacological investigation.

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