BST2 is a single-pass type II transmembrane (TM) protein, which has a cytoplasmic domain, a transmembrane domain, and an extracellular domain, each domain is important for biologic function of BST2. BST2 is a host restriction factor that can effectively inhibit retrovirus release. Rhesus monkeys are considered as relevant natural animal models for studying AIDS in humans. In order to recognize rhesus BST2 (RhBST2) protein and detect its function accurately, we prepared a polyclonal antibody (pAb) especially for RhBST2. Meanwhile, we constructed RhBST2 proteins with the addition of an HA-tag at the N-terminus (RhBST2-NHA) or inside of the ectodomain (RhBST2-IHA) to compare the recognition ability of rabbit anti-RhBST2 pAb and anti-HA mAb. The results showed that the anti-HA mAb and rabbit anti-RhBST2 pAb had the same ability to identify RhBST2. RhBST2 demonstrated antiviral activity and the ability to activate NF-κB. Moreover, the N-glycosylation states, cell surface level and intracellular localization of RhBST2 were detected. However, HA tags relatively changed part of the biological function of RhBST2. These results show that the RhBST2 polyclonal antibody is more suitable for analyzing the properties and functions of RhBST2, and the natural domain of RhBST2 is very important for its function.
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