Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) has a high-risk for recurrence and may precede genital cancers, such as vaginal cancer and/or other invasive diseases. Human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced VAIN may occur after loop electrosurgical excision procedures (LEEPs) or panhysterectomy. Nonetheless, 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) has demonstrated utility in preventing the recurrence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN); however, evaluation of its effect on VAIN has not been performed.
The effectiveness of ALA-PDT was evaluated in 6 women diagnosed with HPV-induced VAIN. Lesion treatment was performed 3 h after ALA using light at a wavelength of 635 nm and light density of 80 mw/cm. Therapeutic effect was assessed using HPV-DNA tests combined with liquid-based cervical cytology (LCT).
Six women, aged 49 to 54 years, who were diagnosed VAIN grade 1/2 or 2 after LEEP or panhysterectomy or no surgery underwent ALA-PDT (range, 4-8 treatments). Four of the 6 women were HPV negative on retesting 3-4 months after ALA-PDT. Most patients exhibited no signs of recurrence during the follow-up period.
Direct use of ALA-PDT or after panhysterectomy did not necessarily lead to a negative result; however, ALA-PDT after LEEP or panhysterectomy combined with LEEP yielded a satisfactory curative effect on VAIN. Although recurrence rates need to be monitored in longer-term studies, the absence of post-treatment complications in this study supports the potential utility of the technique.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.