Athyreotic patients require a daily levothyroxine (LT4) doses of 1.6-1.8 mcg/kg of actual body weight (BW) to achieve normal thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels. Lean body mass (LBM) calculation may be a more accurate determination of LT4 dose in obese patients. Previous studies were mainly investigated in Caucasians and LBM is markedly different between various ethnic groups. We aim to identify the optimal dose of LT4 replacement therapy in hypothyroid Thai patients including obese subjects.
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of Thai adults with hypothyroidism at the thyroid clinic. Patients had been received LT4 (Brand: Euthyrox) at a stable dose ≥ 75 mcg/day for at least 1 year. Patients with thyroid cancer, pregnant, and lactating women were excluded. LBM was calculated by the Hume formula.
Two hundred patients (80% females) with a mean age of 48.6 ± 14.8 years and a body mass index (BMI) of 24.5 ± 4.6 kg/m were included. Daily LT4 dose/kg of actual BW according to BMI 18.5-24.9, 25-29.9, and ≥ 30 kg/m were 1.67 ± 0.27, 1.51 ± 0.28 and 1.39 ± 0.34 mcg/kg, respectively. In contrast, LT4 dose/kg of LBM were 2.31 ± 0.39, 2.35 ± 0.45 and 2.36 ± 0.51 mcg/kg, respectively.
LBM is considered a better indicator for calculating an appropriate LT4 replacement dose than actual BW in hypothyroid obese Thai patients. The recommended daily dose of LT4 is 2.3 mcg/kg of LBM that could be applied for all ranges of BMI.

© 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.