To review the use of aripiprazole in children and adolescents. Medline and Embase databases were systematically searched using the keywords and or over the period from 2000 to 2019. The initial screen yielded 163 publications, from which 99 studies were reviewed. Aripiprazole is one of the most widely prescribed atypical antipsychotics. Like others, its use in children and adolescents is becoming commonplace and occurs in off-label indications. Aripiprazole has proven efficacy for several indications in children and adolescents, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, Tourette’s syndrome, and behavioral impairments associated with autism and intellectual disability. Adverse effects are more important in children and adolescents than adults, particularly weight gain, drowsiness, extrapyramidal effects, and metabolic effects, even though the latter may appear less important than with other atypical antipsychotics. Severe adverse effects often occur in multiple-prescription settings. At present, postprescription monitoring is very poor. Aripiprazole has proven efficacy for several indications in children and adolescents. However, its use requires clinical and paraclinical monitoring to assess the occurrence of adverse events that may challenge the benefit/risk ratio. In addition, off-label prescriptions should be limited, as they appear to account for a significant proportion of aripiprazole use worldwide.

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