: Fibromyalgia represents the most prevalent of the group of conditions that are known as central sensitivity syndromes. Approximately 2-5% of the adult population in the United States is affected by Fibromyalgia. This pain amplification syndrome has an enormous economic impact as measured by work absenteeism, decreased work productivity, disability and injury compensation, and over-utilization of healthcare resources. Multiple studies have shown that early diagnosis of this condition can improve patient outlook, and redirect valuable health care resources toward more appropriate targeted therapy. Efforts have been made toward improving diagnostic accuracy through updated criteria. : Reviewed here are 1) reasons for the need for more accurate diagnosis of Fibromyalgia, (2) a review of the evolution of Fibromyalgia to current times, and (3) the proliferation of currently available diagnostic criteria and problems related to each of them. From initial literature review until October 2020, PubMed, Embase, and Scopus were searched for applicable literature. : A discussion of ongoing efforts to obtain a biomarker to enhance diagnostic accuracy concludes this review. A need to include rheumatologists as part of the care team of patients with Fibromyalgia is emphasized.

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PubMed