Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) is a proangiogenic factor that mediates inflammation and atherosclerosis. We evaluated the predictive value of circulating Ang-2 levels for periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) in 145 patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and investigated whether post-PCI Ang-2 levels are influenced by PMI. PMI was defined as a post-procedural troponin elevation above the 5×99 percentile upper reference limit. Blood samples for Ang-2 analysis were collected at admission and on postoperative days 1 and 3. PMI occurred in 40 patients (28%). At baseline, there was no difference in Ang-2 levels between PMI and non-PMI patients (P=0.554). However, a significant interaction effect between PMI occurrence and time on Ang-2 levels was observed (interaction P=0.036). Although serum Ang-2 levels in non-PMI patients gradually decreased, Ang-2 levels in PMI patients did not change between different time-points. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that age, total stent length, and serum levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide were independent PMI predictors. These findings indicate that pre-procedural Ang-2 levels do not impact PMI occurrence after elective PCI. However, changes in Ang-2 levels after the procedure are closely related to PMI.
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