Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of heart disease and serious cause of early death in developed countries around the world. Stress hyper-glycaemia has a bad prognostic implication in hospital outcomes in acute ST elevated myocardial infarction patients. It serves as a marker of myocardial damage, provides information about complications of acute MI and bad prognosis. The aim of this cross-sectional descriptive study was to find out prognostic implications of Stress hyper-glycaemia in non diabetic patients with first attack of acute ST elevated myocardial infarction underwent thrombolysis and conducted in the department of Cardiology in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from June 2017 to May 2018. Total 249 first attack of Acute STEMI patients were included considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. The sample population was divided into two groups: Group I: Patients with first attack of acute STEMI underwent thrombolysis with non diabetic stress hyper-glycaemia (Blood sugar >7.8mmol/L and HbA1c <6.5), Group II: Patients with first attack of acute STEMI underwent thrombolysis with non diabetic normo-glycaemia (Blood sugar <7.8mmol/L and HbA1c <6.5). In this study, in non diabetic Stress hyperglycemic patients' death was 5.7% and in non diabetic normo-glycemic patients death was 0.6%. It was statistically significant (p<0.05). In non diabetic stress hyperglycemic patients, heart failure was 78.31% patients and in non diabetic normo-glycemic patients, it was 21.6%. It was statistically significant (p<0.01). Echocardiography showed that patients with non diabetic Stress hyper-glycaemia had mean ejection fraction (LVEF) was 44.01±4.93 and patients with non diabetic normo-glycaemia had mean ejection fraction (LVEF) was 47.70±5.71. It was statistically significant (p<0.01). In this study, in non diabetic Stress hyperglycaemic patients, cardiogenic shock was 16.1% and in non diabetic normo-glycemic patients, it was 3.7%. It was statistically significant (p<0.05). Mean duration of hospital stay, in non diabetic Stress hyperglycaemic patients was 5.07±0.566 and in non diabetic normo-glycemic patients, it was 3.52±0.850. It was statistically significant (p<0.001). In conclusion, the incidence of death, heart failure, cardiogenic shock and hospital stay were higher in non diabetic Stress hyperglycaemic patients than non diabetic normo-glycemic patients who admitted with first attack of acute ST elevated myocardial infarction.

References

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