Bevacizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) that has been used as a systemic chemotherapy treatment of various malignancies in adults since 2000. It has been used for pediatric patients over the last decade. In addition, bevacizumab is used for neonatal intravitreal administration for retinopathy of prematurity, a major complication of preterm birth, characterized by incomplete and abnormal vascularization of the retina that can lead to retinal detachment and blindness without treatment.
The objective of this multiple case series is to report impaired wound healing seen in 3 adolescents and 1 premature neonate receiving bevacizumab and to propose collagen-based dermal template as a choice for the management of such wounds. The 3 adolescents were undergoing treatment of malignancies and developed wound healing complication within weeks of receiving anti-VEGF. The premature neonate experienced an extravasation and had a slow wound healing trajectory after receiving intravitreal administration of bevacizumab for retinopathy of prematurity. All wounds achieved closure following topical treatment with a collagen dermal template.
Use of bevacizumab is increasing in the pediatric population. Clinicians should be aware of compromised wound healing and higher likelihood of wound dehiscence after bevacizumab administration. We recommend waiting for at least 4 to 6 weeks between anti-VEGF administration (either systemic or vitreous) and elective surgical procedures, consistent with adult literature recommendations. If patient has an existing wound, we assert that bevacizumab should not be administered until that wound is healed. If wound healing is stalled, we recommend dermal template as a safe and effective accelerator of wound healing.

Copyright © 2021 by the Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society.