Atrial fibrillation and heart failure with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (HFpEF) are of high importance in cardiology due to the increasing number of cases. Both diseases can mutually affect each other and important cardiovascular risk factors, e.g. arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity and chronic renal insufficiency can be observed with increasing frequency. Currently proven treatment concepts for patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) do not appear to have a comparable prognostic or symptomatic benefit for patients with HFpEF. In addition, there are indications that de novo manifestation of atrial fibrillation in HFpEF patients has been linked to reduced survival. Also, heart and kidney function are negatively affected by atrial fibrillation. Retrospective analyses of patients with HFpEF and atrial fibrillation who had been treated by pulmonary vein isolation could show that interventional treatment of the atrial fibrillation led to an improvement in the New York Heart Association (NYHA) stage and diastolic function. Currently running prospective randomized clinical trials, such as the AMPERE study including patients with HFpEF and atrial fibrillation undergoing pulmonary vein isolation, will hopefully provide reliable prospective randomized data and possibly show an improved symptom control and perhaps also prognostically relevant treatment for HFpEF patients with atrial fibrillation.
© 2021. Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature.