In this article, based on international recommendations, we present the Austrian physical activity recommendations for women during and after pregnancy, children of kindergarten age, children, and adolescents. For women during pregnancy and in the first months after delivery, the exercise recommendations do not differ from those for adults. Movement restrictions apply only if health problems are present. Children under 6 years of age should engage in a variety of motor tasks for up to 3 hours a day at medium and high intensity levels, so that they can grow up healthy. In the age group of 6 to 18 years of age, daily exercise of at least one-hour duration is recommended. When choosing the type of exercise, the level of development and the activity levels of children and adolescents should be taken into account. The exercise recommendations are intended for dissemination in the field of health promotion and to serve as the basis for the development and evaluation of health-promoting exercise programs in Austria.The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).