This review article describes typical avulsion injuries of the pelvis and hip and illustrates common radiological findings. Taking current literature into account, there is a special focus on the trauma mechanism, clinical examination, typical imaging findings and clinical management.
Detailed knowledge of musculotendinous anatomy and typical injury mechanisms allows a correct diagnosis of avulsion injuries often only based on clinical examination and radiographic findings. Further imaging with ultrasound and MRI may be necessary to evaluate tendon retraction in non-osseous avulsion injuries and extent of soft-tissue damage. Knowledge of potential complications of acute/chronic injuries can help to avoid unnecessary examinations or invasive interventions. Conservative management of avulsion injuries usually leads to functionally good results. However, in the case of competitive athletes, relatively wide bone fragment dislocation or marked tendon retraction, operative re-fixation may be considered in order to expedite the rehabilitation process.
· Avulsion injuries are common injuries at the pelvic region especially in adolescent athletes, due to not yet ossified apophysis.. · Excellent anatomical knowledge is essential for proper diagnostic evaluation and predicting the mechanism of injury.. · Imaging plays a crucial role in diagnosing avulsion injuries starting from X-Ray and using MRI and CT for anatomical details by utilizing multiplanar capabilities..
· Albtoush OM, Bani-Issa J, Zitzelsberger T et al. Avulsion Injuries of the Pelvis and Hip. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2020; DOI: 10.1055/a-1082-1598.
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