Only a few patients with germline AXIN2 variants and colorectal adenomatous polyposis or cancer have been described, raising questions about the actual contribution of this gene to colorectal cancer (CRC) susceptibility. To assess the clinical relevance for AXIN2 testing in patients suspected of genetic predisposition to CRC, we collected clinical and molecular data from the French Oncogenetics laboratories analyzing AXIN2 in this context. Between 2004 and June 2020, ten different pathogenic/likely pathogenic AXIN2 variants were identified in 11 unrelated individuals. Eight variants were from a consecutive series of 3,322 patients, which represents a frequency of 0.24%. However loss-of-function AXIN2 variants were strongly associated with genetic predisposition to CRC as compared with controls (OR 11.89, 95% CI 5.103-28.93). Most of the variants were predicted to produce an AXIN2 protein devoid of the SMAD3-binding and DIX domains, but preserving the β-catenin-binding domain. 91% of the AXIN2 variant carriers who underwent colonoscopy had adenomatous polyposis. 40% of the variant carriers developed colorectal or/and other digestive cancer. Multiple tooth agenesis was present in at least 60% of them. Our report provides further evidences for a role of AXIN2 in CRC susceptibility, arguing for AXIN2 testing in patients with colorectal adenomatous polyposis or cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.