The universal application of ultra-early surgery for World Federation of Neurological Societies (WFNS) grade V aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) patients may lead to the increased implementation of unnecessary treatment. Therefore, this study aimed to refine the patient selection process for timely definitive treatment.
From January 2011 to March 2020, a total of 517 aSAH patients were treated at our institution. Among these, 177 aSAH patients with WFNS grade V on admission were identified from our database. Patients with improved grades in response to the initial supportive treatment, with clinical or radiological signs of herniation, and with irreversible signs of brain damage such as bilaterally dilated pupils and global ischemia on follow-up CT scan were excluded. The outcome of definitive treatment for 54 patients without herniation who remained with WFNS grade V after the initial supportive treatment were analyzed to seek any factor for a favorable outcome (modified Rankin scale 0-2).
Among 54 patients, 19 (35.2%) had a favorable outcome after a definitive treatment. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the best motor response (BMR) 4 on Glasgow Coma Scale was significantly associated with favorable outcomes (odds ratio, 3.76; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-13.0, p = 0.03). The positive predictive value of BMR 4 was 48.3%.
Albeit being simple, BMR 4 may facilitate the prompt aggressive treatment for patients with WFNS grade V including those with “true” grade V who do not have any clinical and radiological signs of herniation.