The diagnosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and monitoring of the vaccination efficiency against HBV require real-time analysis. The presence of antibody against hepatitis B virus surface antigen (anti-HBsAg) as a result of HBV infection and/or immunization may indicate individual immune status towards HBV. This study investigated the ability of a bio-nanogate-based displacement immunosensing strategy in detecting anti-HBsAg antibody, via nonspecific-binding between polyamidoamine dendrimers encapsulated gold nanoparticles (PAMAM-Au) and the ‘antigenic determinant’ region (aD) of HBsAg. For this purpose, maltose binding protein harbouring the aD region (MBP-aD) was synthesized as a bioreceptor and immobilized on the screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE). Following that, PAMAM-Au was deposited on MBP-aD, forming the ‘gate’ and was used as a monitoring agent. Under optimal conditions, the high specificity of anti-HBsAg antibody towards MBP-aD displaced PAMAM-Au causing the decrement of anodic peak in differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) analysis. The signal changes were proportionally related to the concentration of anti-HBsAg antibody, in a range of 1 – 1000 mIU/mL with a limit of detection (LOD) of 2.5 mIU/mL. The results also showed high specificity and selectivity of the immunosensor platform in detecting anti-HBsAg antibody both in spiked buffer and human serum samples.
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