Little is known about the impact behavior of composite fixation plate used in the fracture healing of long bones diaphysis. Hence, this study examined polypropylene composite fixation plates using different glass fibers and measured their biomechanical responses under axial impact loading experimentally and numerically. Short randomly oriented, long unidirectional prepregs and fiber yarn of glass were considered as reinforcements, and fixation plates were fabricated through two different heat-compressing and 3D printing processes. Furthermore, assessing the fixation plate structures impact behavior was carried out using in vitro impact test and finite element analysis (FEA). Impact damping behavior, damage mechanisms, and stress and strain pattern of the composite fixation plate structures were obtained under various bone fractures and impact energies. The impact load-time responses and the failure mechanisms demonstrated that fixation plate structures with more plastic behavior and lower stiffness could act as an initial shock absorber and dampen the transmission of axial impact load by distributing the impact energy over time. Therefore, considering the ability of stress shielding and adequate interfragmentary movement which amplifies bone ossification, the proposed Glass Fiber/PP (GF/PP) composite fixation plates could serve as a proper alternative in orthopedics.
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