Bronchiolar adenomas (BAs)/ciliated muco-nodular papillary tumors (CMPTs), are small, peripheral lung nodules arising predominantly in the elderly that follow a benign course. They can be mistaken for adenocarcinomas on frozen section. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for basal cell markers highlights the continuous layer of basal cells underlying the tumor cells in BAs. BAs are further subdivided into proximal-type and distal type. Six BAs were retrieved from the pathology archives. The cases were classified based on morphology into proximal and distal BAs. The clinical and radiological features were reviewed. Immunohistochemistry and special stains were performed. The most common radiological picture of BA/CMPT was of a solid nodule with SUV < 3 as seen in 60% cases. 40% cases showed cavitation on CT. On histological examination, four cases were morphologically classified as proximal BAs and two as distal BAs. In proximal BAs, TTF1 was focally positive only in the basal cells in three of four. The mucin stained acidic. In distal BAs, TTF1 was diffusely positive in both basal and luminal cells. There was scant intracellular neutral mucin. Both the distal BAs had concomitant neuroendocrine tumors in the same lobe. Though the number of cases evaluated in this study is too low to be statistically significant, this study provides additional evidence to the concept of BA classification based on site specific histology and supplementary immunohistochemistry and reiterates the radiological features that may help distinguish it from malignant lesions.
Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.