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Orthopedics

Exposure levels of PCDD/Fs and PCBs in human blood and the transplacental transfer characteristics in cord blood of newborns near the industrialized area.

May 23, 2022

Mono-to octa-chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in pooled blood from the general population living near a typical industrialized area were i...

Wound-Related Complication in Growth-Friendly Spinal Surgeries for Early-Onset Scoliosis-Literature Review.

May 16, 2022

The treatment for early-onset scoliosis (EOS) is one of the most challenging for pediatric orthopedics. Surgical treatment is often necessary, and wound problems and surgical site infections (SSIs) ar...

Immobilization of Collagen on the Surface of a PEEK Implant with Monolayer Nanopores.

May 16, 2022

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is the only polymer material that can replace titanium implants in the field of orthopedics. This is because the mechanical properties of PEEK are similar to those of bone,...

Is Indirect Decompression and Fusion More Effective than Direct Decompression and Fusion for Treating Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis With Instability? A Systematic Review and meta-Analysis.

May 02, 2022

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Surgical alternatives to treat lumbar spinal stenosis and instability include indirect (ALIF, OLIF, and LLIF) and direct (TLIF or posterior lumbar interbody fusio...

A Review of 3D Printed Bone Implants.

Apr 25, 2022

3D printing, that is, additive manufacturing, has solved many major problems in general manufacturing, such as three-dimensional tissue structure, microenvironment control difficulty, product producti...

The Clinical Frailty Scale as useful tool in patients with brain metastases.

Apr 18, 2022

The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) evaluates patients' level of frailty on a scale from 1 to 9 and is commonly used in geriatric medicine, intensive care and orthopedics. The aim of our study was to rev...

Blood Component Requirements and Erythrocyte Transfusion and Mortality Related to Hemoglobin Deficit in Phase III Trial of Hemoglobin-Based Oxygen Carrier: HBOC-201.

Apr 18, 2022

Hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) may cause coagulopathy, changes in total hemoglobin (THb), and affect mortality. Low total hemoglobin concentrations [THb] during hemorrhage may worsen outcome...

Agreement between children's, nurses' and parents' pain intensity reports is stronger before than after analgesic consumption: Results from a post-operative study.

Apr 11, 2022

Included in their extensive duties caring for hospitalized children, nurses are the frontline for pain assessment and treatment. Research has found that when nurses' assessments are compared with inde...

Cost and safety of inpatient versus outpatient open reduction internal fixation of isolated ankle fractures.

Apr 11, 2022

As health care shifts to value-based models, one strategy within orthopedics has been to transition appropriate cases to outpatient or ambulatory settings to reduce costs; however, there are limited d...

The intra- and interobserver reliability of five commonly used intertrochanteric femur fracture classification systems.

Apr 04, 2022

This study aims to evaluate the effect of surgical experience on reliability for Boyd-Griffin, Evans/Jensen, Evans, Orthopaedic Trauma Association (main and subgroups), and Tronzo classification syste...

Subtrochanteric Insufficiency Fracture Occurring 5 Years after Surgery at the Steinmann Pin Insertion Site for Fracture Reduction.

Mar 28, 2022

: Steinmann pins are commonly used in orthopedics, with a low rate of complications. However, thermal osteonecrosis may occur when a pin is inserted using a drill. There have been no reports on late-o...

Host Environment Shapes Social Behavior as Revealed by Microscopy Pattern Formation and Dynamic Aggregation Analysis.

Mar 28, 2022

Understanding how bacteria adapt their social behavior to environmental changes is of crucial importance from both biological and clinical perspectives. is among the most common infecting agents in o...

The advances in nanomedicine for bone and cartilage repair.

Mar 21, 2022

With the gradual demographic shift toward an aging and obese society, an increasing number of patients are suffering from bone and cartilage injuries. However, conventional therapies are hindered by t...

Comprehensive imaging and pathology of solitary patellar metastasis from breast cancer with literature review on its diagnosis and prognosis.

Mar 14, 2022

Breast cancer is the most frequent non-skin cancer in women and bone is its most common site of metastasis. The patella, as the largest sesamoid bone in the human body, is a rare site for cancer metas...

Applications of Mixed Reality Technology in Orthopedics Surgery: A Pilot Study.

Mar 14, 2022

The aim of this study is to explore the potential of mixed reality (MR) technology in the visualization of orthopedic surgery. The visualization system with MR technology is widely used in orthopedi...

Risk Factors for Implant Removal After Surgical Fixation of Midshaft Clavicle Fractures.

Mar 07, 2022

Midshaft clavicle fractures are common injuries that traditionally have been managed nonoperatively. However, recent literature has shown lower rates of nonunion and improved patient-reported outcomes...

An m-Health telerehabilitation and health education program on physical performance in patients with hip fracture and their family caregivers: Study protocol for the ActiveHip+ randomized controlled trial.

Feb 14, 2022

Telerehabilitation interventions administered via a smartphone may provide new feasible and effective rehabilitation options at home for patients with hip fracture. However, to date, no such intervent...

High risk and low prevalence diseases: Traumatic arthrotomy.

Feb 07, 2022

Traumatic arthrotomy (TA) is a rare but serious condition associated with a high morbidity and mortality that can be mitigated with prompt diagnosis and appropriate management.This review highlights t...

An individualized decision between physical therapy or surgery for patients with degenerative meniscal tears cannot be based on continuous treatment selection markers: a marker-by-treatment analysis of the ESCAPE study.

Feb 07, 2022

Marker-by-treatment analyses are promising new methods in internal medicine, but have not yet been implemented in orthopaedics. With this analysis, specific cut-off points may be obtained, that can po...

Rothmund-Thomson syndrome: a case series from a tertiary pediatric hospital in Mexico.

Jan 31, 2022

Rothmund-Thomson syndrome, also known as congenital poikiloderma, is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis with onset in early childhood that affects at a multisystem level.Case 1. A 4-year-old ma...