The phenotypes of patients with disease-associated variants in DNMT1 have been classified into two syndromes: hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type 1E (HSAN1E, MIM614116, https://www.omim.org/ ) and autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia, deafness, and narcolepsy (ADCA-DN, MIM604121). The amino acid codon 511 is a hotspot, and p.Y511C is the most frequently observed disease-associated variant among those in HSAN1E patients, whereas there have been only a few reports on patients with p.Y511H. In this study, we report on the cases of a kindred carrying the DNMT1 variant NM_001130823.2:c.1531 T > C (p.Y511H) presenting with the ADCA-DN phenotype. The review of the literature further revealed that later ages at onset and the presence of cerebellar ataxia are the main characteristics of patients carrying the DNMT1 p.Y511H as compared with those carrying DNMT1 p.Y511C. Although HSAN1E and ADCA-DN are proposed to be called DNMT1-complex disorders owing to their overlapping symptoms, this finding suggests a distinct genotype-phenotype correlation regarding the DNMT1 p.Y511H and p.Y511C variants.
About The Expert
Junko Kanda Kikuchi