The interest of extra-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies is growing, especially in patients negative for conventional antibodies. In this study we aimed to assess the clinical utility of anti-phosphatidyl-serine/prothrombin antibodies (aPS/PT) testing in patients negative for Beta2-Glycoprotein 1(β2GPI)-dependent tests, for identifying antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) patients that developed cerebrovascular events (CVE). When screening APS patients attending our center, out of 119 aPS/PT IgG/IgM-positive patients, thus patients negative for aβ2GPI and aCL, 42 patients (35%) tested negative for β2GPI-dependent tests and were tested with thrombin generation assay (TGA). Ten patients (24%), with isolated aPS/PT IgG/IgM, had a history of CVE. Lupus anticoagulant (LA)-positive test was more frequently observed in patients with CVE (8/22 vs. 2/20; p = 0.045). Out of the 10 patients who experienced CVE, 3 patients were aPS/PT IgG positive (all LA positive), and 8 patients were aPS/PT IgM positive (6/8 LA positive). One patient was positive for both aPS/PT IgG and IgM. LA-positive patients had only high titers of aPS/PT IgG/IgM, all of them being ≥ 80 U/ml, while the 2 LA-negative patients were aPS/PT IgM positive with medium titers [40-60 U/ml]. LA-positive patients had significantly altered TGA profile when compared to those who were LA negative, considering all TGA parameters. LA-positive patients had significantly higher tLag (8.4 ± 3.3 min vs. 6.6 ± 1.8 min; p = 0.046), higher tPeak (14 ± 4.3 min vs. 11 ± 2.7 min; p = 0.015) and lower Peak (207 ± 152 nM vs. 356.3 ± 104.7 nM; p < 0.001) and lower AUC (2109.7 ± 1006.9 nM vs. 2772.5 ± 776.8 nM; p = 0.033). The use of aPS/PT might be of help in identifying patients with CVE and APS, as also confirmed by TGA testing.
© 2021. The Author(s).