Pregnancy increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). During pregnancy and a post-cesarean section, an increase in D-dimer levels can be observed. However, to date, the usefulness of the D-dimer level measurement for thrombosis in pregnant women has not been determined. We aimed to evaluate the changes in D-dimer levels after a cesarean section, the risk factors of high D-dimer levels, and enoxaparin sodium’s preventive effects on VTE. This retrospective study enrolled 160 pregnant women who underwent a cesarean section. D-dimer levels were measured on postoperative day (POD)1 and POD6. If on POD1, the D-dimer levels were ≥10 µg/mL, enoxaparin sodium was administered until POD7. Regardless of enoxaparin administration, when the D-dimer levels on POD6 were ≥10 µg/mL, lower-limb venous ultrasonography was performed. After a cesarean section, patients were screened for the following: factors causing high D-dimer levels, incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and need for enoxaparin. The median D-dimer levels on POD1 and POD6 were 7.5 µg/mL (1.1-34.1) and 4.2 µg/mL (0.02-31.4), respectively. Enoxaparin sodium was administered to 56 patients (35%). The D-dimer levels on POD6 decreased more significantly than on POD1. The median D-dimer levels in the enoxaparin administration group significantly dropped from 14.3 (POD1) to 3.9 (POD6) (<.001). The D-dimer levels on POD1 were higher in patients aged ≥35 years and with a hospitalization history of threatened preterm labor. In addition, on POD6, patients aged ≥35 years and with a high body mass index had high D-levels. Following a multivariate analysis, the elderly represent an independent factor for high D-levels. DVT was not observed. When the D-dimer levels on POD1 after a cesarean section are ≥10 µg/mL, enoxaparin reduces D-dimer levels six days after cesarean section. Moreover, patients aged ≥35 years represent an independent factor for high D-levels. These findings should be validated by further studies.
February 10, 2020
Comparison of the predictive nature of the genomic allergen rapid detection (GARD) assay with mammalian assays in determining the skin sensitisation potential of agrochemical active ingredients.
October 12, 2020
September 7, 2020
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- ENDO: 2020ENDO 2020 Annual Conference has been canceled due to COVID-19. Here are highlights of emerging data that has still been released. Keep an eye out for ENDO Online 2020, which will take place from June 8 to 22.