To demonstrate clinical and laboratory characteristics of Graves’ disease in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART). : This is a single-institution study. All HIV-infected Thai patients who were diagnosed with Graves’ disease following initiation of ART between January 2007 and June 2018 were retrospectively enrolled. : Of the 24 subjects, the mean age was 39.6 ± 10 years at the time of Graves’ disease diagnosis. Male:female ratio was 1:1.2. Palpitation and weight loss were the most common clinical manifestations. Of the six patients (25%) with evidence of Graves’ orbitopathy, one had sight-threatening orbitopathy. Two patients also had other autoimmune diseases (vitiligo and psoriatic arthritis). The median CD4 cell counts at HIV and Graves’ disease diagnosis were 73.5 (IQR, 15.5-189.5) and 525 (IQR, 402.3-725) cells/μL, respectively. The median time from ART commencement of the last effective ART regimen to the development of Graves’ disease was 29.5 (IQR 13.8-48) months with a mean CD4 cell count increment of 328.7 ± 174.9 cells/μL. The median duration of antithyroid therapy was 34.5 (IQR 23.8-51.0) months. Thirteen 54.2%) radioactive Graves’ disease should be suspected in HIV-infected patients who present with palpitations and weight loss despite good immunological response to ART. Awareness of this condition can lead to diagnosis and appropriate management. Unlike immune reconstitution disease associated with infection, Graves’ disease may develop many years after ART initiation.