Anhedonia is a core symptom of major depressive disorder (MDD). Two subtypes of anhedonia: anticipatory anhedonia and consummatory anhedonia has been recognized in MDD patients. However, our knowledge regarding the distinction of anticipatory anhedonia and consummatory anhedonia in MDD remains limited. This study aimed to characterize the anticipatory anhedonia and consummatory anhedonia in first-episode, drug-naïve MDD patients. Resting-state functional MRI and T1-structural MRI were acquired for 38 MDD patients and 65 matched healthy controls (HCs). The ALFF and cortical surface indexes were compared between MDD and HCs. Then the correlations between the ALFF and cortical surface indexes alternations and the scores of anticipatory and consummatory pleasure measured by Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale were evaluated. The elevated ALFF of left dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) and the reduced cortical thickness (CT) of left rostral ACC and lateral orbitofrontal cortex (lOFC) were respectively correlated with anticipatory anhedonia and consummatory anhedonia in MDD patients. These findings suggested the dissociated pathophysiological basis and imaging characteristics of anticipatory anhedonia and consummatory anhedonia. The ALFF and CT values of ACC and lOFC might serve as the imaging biomarker of the subtypes of anhedonia in early onset of MDD.Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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