Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an increased risk of sustaining fractures during their preschool years. Supracondylar humerus fractures (SHFs) comprise the majority of fracture surgeries in the pediatric age range. We hypothesized that ADHD symptoms would be present in children with SHFs, and this characteristic trauma may be associated with an ADHD diagnosis. Thus, we compared the ADHD symptoms of children with and without SHFs. Further, we compared the trauma characteristics, gender, proneness to injury, and presence of prior trauma history of children diagnosed with and without ADHD. We recruited 41 children who were admitted to emergency service with an SHF and 41 age- and gender-matched children without a fracture history. A semi-structured diagnostic inter- view and a Swanson Nolan Pelham questionnaire were used to obtain data about ADHD symptoms. A clinical intake form was utilized for further clinical data. ADHD symptoms were significantly higher in the fracture group ; male gender, parent- reported proneness to injury, and prior history of trauma were significantly associated with ADHD. Orthopedic surgeons may provide early detection of ADHD by using screening tools or asking questions to caregivers and making referrals when needed. This may lead to prevention of further injuries.