Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) disease burden is associated with pulmonary status in asthmatic CRS patients. Asthma-related emergency department (ED) usage is a predictor of asthma-related mortality. We sought to determine whether measures of CRS disease burden are associated with asthma-related ED usage.
We prospectively recruited 263 asthmatic CRS patients for this cross-sectional study. CRS burden was measured using the 22-item Sinonasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22), and patient-reported CRS-related antibiotic usage and CRS-related oral corticosteroids usage over the preceding year. Asthma-related ED visits over the prior year were also assessed.
Of all participants, 18.6% had at least 1 asthma-related ED visit (mean 0.3 ED visits for the whole cohort). Asthma-related ED usage was associated with SNOT-22 score [adjusted rate ratio (RR) = 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.03, p = 0.040] and CRS-related oral corticosteroids usage in the past year (RR = 1.52, 95% CI 1.26-1.83, p < 0.001). From the SNOT-22 score, asthma-related ED usage was only associated with the nasal subdomain score (RR = 1.08, 95% CI 1.03-1.13, p = 0.001). These measures of CRS disease burden could be used with good sensitivity and specificity to detect patients with asthma-related ED usage in the past year, the majority of whom were undertreated for their asthma.
Measures of CRS disease burden are associated with and can be used to detect, patients having asthma-related ED usage. These results further solidify the connection between CRS and asthma disease courses, and also present an opportunity to use CRS disease burden as a tool for identifying-and implementing greater treatment of-patients at highest risk for asthma-related mortality.