Dysfunction in circulating endothelial progenitor cells (cEPCs) plays a crucial role in cardiovascular disorders (CVDs). Patients with bipolar disorder (BPD) are at increased risk of developing CVDs. This study examined the associations of the functional properties of cEPCs with BPD and its clinical and cognitive characteristics. We recruited 69 patients with BPD and 41 healthy controls (HCs). The levels of manic, depressive, anxiety, psychosomatic symptoms, subjective cognitive dysfunction, quality of life, and functional disability of the BPD group were evaluated using the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), Clinical Global Impression for BPD (CGI-BP), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Depression and Somatic Symptoms Scale, Perceived Deficits Questionnaire-Depression, 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey, and Sheehan Disability Scale, respectively. Cognitive function was assessed using 2-back and Go/No-Go tasks. Through in vitro assays, the adhesion to fibronectin and the percentage of apoptosis of cEPCs were examined. Under correction for multiple comparisons, the adhesive function of cEPCs in BPD was significantly lower than that in the HCs (corrected P [Pcorr] = 0.027). The reduced adhesive function of cEPCs correlated significantly with increased scores in the YMRS (Pcorr = 0.0002) and the CGI-BP (Pcorr = 0.0009). A lower percentage of apoptotic cEPC cells was associated with greater commission errors in the 2-back (Pcorr = 0.028) and Go/No-Go tasks (Pcorr = 0.029). The cEPCs of the BPD group exhibited attenuated adhesive function. The altered adhesive and apoptotic functions of cEPCs are associated with manic symptom severity and response inhibition deficits in patients with BPD.
© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany.