Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE), part of the spectrum of eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGID), share pathogenic similarities. We examined differences regarding clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes between EoE and EGE cases.
Two-hundred fifteen EGID patients, including 181 with EoE and 34 with EGE, diagnosed at Shimane University Hospital between February 2011 and March 2019 were enrolled. Information regarding clinical parameters and treatment outcomes was reviewed.
EoE showed significant male predominance (82.3%) as compared with EGE (50.0%) (p < 0.001). Furthermore, patients with EoE were significantly older and had a higher body mass index (24.8 ± 4.0 vs. 22.2 ± 4.3, p < 0.05). Over 90% of the EoE patients were initially given proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment, of whom 73.2% showed clinical and histological remission. Vonoprazan, a more potent acid inhibitor than PPI, was effective in two-thirds of the nonresponsive EoE patients initially treated with a PPI. In contrast, oral glucocorticoid administration was mainly given to patients with EGE (58.8%). Of 13 EGE patients treated with a food-elimination diet, responsible foods were successfully identified in 9, with 7 controlled in a state of remission without glucocorticoid therapy.
We found different clinical characteristics and treatment strategies in the present EoE and EGE cases. Most of the EoE patients responded to and were maintained by acid suppressive therapy, using PPI or vonoprazan. For EGE patients, glucocorticoid administration was mainly used though food-elimination diet therapy also showed beneficial effects.
© 2020 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.