Several in vitro studies have investigated the retention of double crowns with friction pins (DCP); however, clinical data on their long-term success have not been reported. We sought to evaluate the 5-year survival rate of DCPs in patients with severely reduced dentition (SRD) and not severely reduced dentition (NSRD).
A total of 158 patients were treated with 182 dentures on 520 abutment teeth between 2006 and 2016. The SRD group included 144 dentures that had been inserted on 314 abutment teeth. We evaluated the influence of age, sex, jaw, number, tooth vitality, and abutment teeth localization (according to Steffel’s classification) on the 60-month survival rates of dentures and abutment teeth using the Kaplan-Meier estimator, logrank test, and Cox regression.
The cumulative 60-month survival rate was 84.3% (CI 77.1-91.5%) for all dentures; however, the survival rate in the SRD group (80.3%; CI 71.5-89.1%) was significantly lower than in the NSRD group (100%; p = 0.04). Dentures classified in Steffel’s class A had the lowest survival rate (51.5%; CI 30.9-72.1%). Number, location, and vitality of the abutment teeth had a significant impact on survival rate.
DCP dentures showed comparable clinical long-term success to double crown systems that have been previously reported in the literature. The number, localization, and vitality of abutment teeth had the greatest influence on the survival rates of denture and abutment teeth.
DCP dentures have an acceptable 5-year survival rate. Clinical treatment planning must take into account key factors associated with the prognosis of the abutment teeth.