To determine if there is a difference at all in proximal convergence to accommodation ratio (PC/ A) between 2 myopic groups. Group A: -0.50D < SE < 3.00D, SE: spherical equivalent, D: Diopter) and Group B (-3.00D SE and above). In this prospective observational study, 24 consecutive patients with myopia between -0.50D < SE -3.00 D SE were included in group B. Patients with pathological myopia, strabismus or heterophoria anomalies were excluded. The PC/ A ratio for both the groups were calculated by measuring the difference between value of accommodative convergence to accommodation ratio (AC/ A) derived from heterophoria and gradient method using a prism bar method. Statistical analysis was performed by analyzing descriptive statistics and the independent sample t-test using SPSS ver. 22.0 software. The average calculated PC/ A ratio was 3.24∆/ D (SD = +0.68/ D) in group B (n=27) and 2.6∆/ D (SD = 0.86/ D) in group A (n=24) (p value <0.05). An evident high AC/ A ratio in group B patients with myopia more than -3.00 D was the predominant cause for high PC/ A ratio in group B patients.
© The Authors.Romanian Society of Ophthalmology.