Surgical management of deep endometriosis with colorectal involvement remains an option after failure of medical treatments. Conventional laparoscopy is currently considered the standard approach for surgical treatment. Recently, assisted-robotic laparoscopy emerged as an alternative to conventional laparoscopy but with low evidence.
From March 2019 to September 2019, we conducted a prospective cohort study of 48 patients undergoing a surgical treatment for colorectal endometriosis (rectal shaving, discoid excision or segmental resection). The interventions were either performed by robotic or conventional laparoscopy. Patients’ characteristics, operative and post-operative data were compared between the robotic and the conventional laparoscopic group.
48 patients were included, 25 in the conventional laparoscopy group and 23 in the robotic group. Patients’ characteristics and operative findings were similar between the two groups, except for a trend in a higher incidence of associated surgical urinary or digestive procedures in the robotic group (p = 0.06). The mean total surgical room occupancy time and operating time were longer in the in the robotic group (281 ± 97 min vs 208 ± 85 min; p = 0.008) and (221 ± 94 min vs 163 ± 83 min (p = 0.03), respectively. The mean intra operative blood loss, the incidence of intra operative, post-operative complication (according to Clavien-Dindo classification) rates and voiding dysfunction were similar in the two groups. The rate of grade III complication was higher in the robotic group (13% vs 0%) without reaching a significance (p = 0.17). The mean hospital stay was 8 ± 4.4 days in the robotic group and 6.5 ± 2.6 days in the conventional laparoscopy group (p = 0.18).
Despite our initial experience in robotic surgery, our results support that robotic surgery is an adequate alternative to conventional laparoscopy for endometriosis colorectal resection.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.