– Some studies have suggested that patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are at high risk of miscarriage. However, this still remains controversial. Several potential factors might explain this association: obesity, hyperinsulinemia and hyperandrogenism. Artificial and stimulated cycles appear to be comparable for endometrial preparation in frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) in PCOS patients. Only a few studies have assessed miscarriage rates specifically in PCOS. We have evaluated the impact of endometrial preparation on FET outcomes in anovulatory PCOS patients.
– A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Lille University Hospital, including 255 FET cycles in 134 PCOS patients between January 2011 and December 2017. PCOS was defined by the presence of at least two of the three Rotterdam’s criteria. Patients were under 35 years old. Two endometrial preparation protocol were studied: stimulated cycle (gonadotropins on the second day of the cycle and luteal phase support including natural progesterone 600 mg/day) and artificial cycle (6 mg oral estradiol valerate and 800 mg micronized vaginal progesterone daily).
– 137 FET were performed under stimulated cycle and 118 FET under artificial cycle. Early pregnancy rates (30% versus 37.3%, p = NS), miscarriage rates (22% versus 25%, p = NS) and live birth rates (23.4% versus 26.3%, p = NS) were similar.
– In anovulatory PCOS women, the type of endometrial preparation does not influence FET outcomes, specifically regarding the miscarriage rate.

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