To explore the consistency of pain intensity and pain location assessed by nurses and patients in gynecology undergoing enhanced recovery after surgery pathway.
Several studies have shown that clinical nurses’ assessment of patients’ pain is not always accurate. Little is known about the accuracy of nurses’ pain assessments for gynecological patients. Postoperative pain assessment and management is an essential part of enhanced recovery after surgery.
Comparative cross-sectional study.
160 patients were recruited and only 85 patients and 17 nurses participated. Patients and nurses recorded pain scores (using an 11-point Numeric Rating Scale) and pain location (incision pain, surgical area pain in the abdominal cavity, other pain, or no pain) on Pain Assessment Forms at 4 h after surgery and on the first and second postoperative days. We used the STROBE guidelines to report our study.
The patients’ pain score was higher than that of nurses from 4 hours to second days after laparoscopic surgery at rest. The pain scores of both nurses and patients decreased over this period of time. All the intraclass correlation coefficients were between 0.214 and 0.296. At the three time points, surgical area pain in the abdominal cavity and abdominal incision pain were the main pain areas. All the kappa coefficients were between 0.164 and 0.255.
The consistency of postoperative pain assessment about pain score and pain location between nurses and patients was not high. We should attach importance to systematic pain assessment and more detailed enhanced recovery after surgery pathways should be developed about pain assessment.
Continuing education for nurses regarding pain assessment is necessary. Nurses should accept the patient’s self-reported pain. There should be a step that gives more time for pain assessment in enhanced recovery after surgery pathways.

© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.