To review the current published literature on the utility of corneal hysteresis (CH) to assist the clinician in the diagnosis of glaucoma or in the assessment of risk for disease progression in existing glaucoma patients.
Searches of the peer-reviewed literature in the PubMed database were performed through July 2022. The abstracts of 423 identified articles were examined to exclude reviews and non-English articles. After inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, 19 articles were selected, and the panel methodologist rated them for level of evidence. Eight articles were rated level I, and 5 articles were rated level II. The 6 articles rated level III were excluded.
Corneal hysteresis is lower in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma, primary angle-closure glaucoma, pseudoexfoliative glaucoma, and pseudoexfoliation syndrome compared with normal subjects. Interpretation of low CH in patients with high intraocular pressure (IOP) or on topical hypotensive medications is complicated by the influence of these parameters on CH measurements. However, CH is also lower in treatment-naïve, normal-tension glaucoma patients compared with normal subjects who have a similar IOP. In addition, lower CH is associated with an increased risk of progression of glaucoma based on visual fields or structural markers in open-angle glaucoma patients, including those with apparently well-controlled IOP.
Corneal hysteresis is lower in glaucoma patients compared with normal subjects, and lower CH is associated with an increased risk of disease progression. However, a causal relationship remains to be demonstrated. Nevertheless, measurement of CH complements current structural and functional assessments in determining disease risk in glaucoma suspects and patients.
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Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier Inc.