We aim to demonstrate an initial proof of concept for the presence of addictive behaviors in cosmetic procedure utilization .
ology Adult subjects visiting a cosmetic dermatology practice with history of at least one cosmetic procedure and consideration of at least one cosmetic procedure in the past 12 months were included. Two previously validated instruments in the detection of alcohol use disorder (AUD), the CAGE (Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye-opener) questionnaire and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V) criteria were modified to evaluate subjects for a substance-related disorder (SRD) in cosmetic procedure.
Of 153 adults, 34 (22.2%) met modified CAGE criteria and 40 (26.1%) met modified DSM-V criteria. Results from both instruments were significantly associated (P < 0.0002). Significant differences in consideration and utilization of cosmetic treatments were found in SRD positive versus negative groups (P<0.0001; P=0.009).
and Relevance A type of SRD involving cosmetic procedures may exist and qualifying individuals may have increased cosmetic treatment utilization. Future efforts to rigorously validate an instrument for SRD detection in cosmetic procedure use are warranted for future research and clinical application.
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