The incorporation of molecular genetic testing into cystic fibrosis (CF) screening programs increases the specificity of the diagnostic strategy and has the potential to decrease the rate of false- positive results. In this sense, our objective was to develop a genotyping assay that could detect 25 pathogenic variants in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene with high sensitivity and that couldĀ be incorporated into the routine of newborn screening, complementing the current existing protocol used in our public health institution.
A mini-sequencing assay was standardized using single-base extension in a previously genotyped control sample. This strategy was validated in a Brazilian cohort of CF patients by Sanger sequencing.
The inclusion of the 25 variants in the current newborn screening program increased the identification rates of two alleles from 33 to 52.43% in CF patients. This new approach was able to detect a total of 37 variants, which represents 93.01% of all mutated alleles described in the last CF Brazilian Register.
Mini-sequencing for the simultaneous detection of 25 CFTR gene variants improves the screening of Brazilian newborns and decreases the number of inconclusive cases. This method uses minimal hands-on time and is suited for rapid screening, which reduces sample processing costs.