Meningioma is the most common intracranial primary brain tumor. Risk factors such as age and exposure to radiation as well as prognostic factors such as grade, location, and extent of surgical resection have been reported in the literature worldwide; however, to our knowledge, data from the Middle East is still warranted. In this study, we aim to identify the characteristics, risk factors and outcomes of meningioma patients treated at a multidisciplinary regional referral center in the Middle East.
This is a retrospective chart review with a prospective follow up of outcomes. It included patients diagnosed with meningioma between January 2005 and December 2015 at the American University of Beirut Medical Center. Patient’s demographics, risk factors and outcomes were first retrospectively collected. Then, we conducted phone calls to all included alive patients to update their disease status and outcomes.
One-hundred and ninety-five patients were included. 69 % had grade I tumors and around 31 % with grades II and III meningiomas. The means of the overall survival and progression free survival (PFS) were 198 and 126 months, respectively. The residence area (city vs. countryside), occupation, alcohol use, oral contraceptive use, family history of meningioma, previous head trauma, radiation exposure for head/brain imaging, cell phone use, and finally, the tumor Ki-67 protein level did not correlate with the survival outcomes. The meningioma grade and extent of resection were significant predictors of the PFS on the univariate analysis, whereas, in the multivariate analysis only previous radiotherapy was significant in prolonging PFS.
In our study cohort, that included around 30 % grades II and III tumors, previous radiotherapy use was the only significant prognostic factor for longer PFS in patients diagnosed with meningioma. Future prospective studies should be conducted to evaluate genetic and molecular factors that could possibly be linked to meningioma grade and prognosis in our population of Middle Eastern patients.
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