EGFR-TK pathway is of high importance for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC), and it will be challenging to develop anti-tumor drugs that could inhibit both EGFR wild-type and mutant tumor cells. Here, a series of icotinib derivatives containing 1,2,3-triazole moiety were designed and synthesized through copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reactions. Preliminary CCK-8 assay showed that the prepared icotinib-1,2,3-triazole compounds such as a7 or a12 demonstrated potent in vitro antitumor activity against the NSCLC cells expressing both wild type EGFR and mutational EGFR. Further, the mechanism of action for compounds a7 and a12 induced NSCLC cells death was also detailed, and the results suggested a possible induced NSCLC cells death via inducing mitochondrial apoptosis and arresting cell cycle. Remarkably, the inhibition of EGFR by these icotinib derivatives was also studied. The results showed that compound a12 was a potent inhibitor for EGFR with IC value of 1.49 μM. Combining these results, an EGFR inhibitor a12 represents a promising new anti-NSCLC candidate that could induce apoptosis and arrest cell cycle.
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