A novel series of O-carbamoyl ferulamide derivatives were designed by multitarget-directed ligands (MTDLs) strategy, the derivatives were synthesized and evaluated to treat Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In vitro biological evaluation demonstrated that compound 4f was the best pseudo-irreversible hBChE (human butyrylcholinesterase) inhibitor with an IC value of 0.97 μM 4f was a potent selective MAO-B (monoamine oxidase-B) inhibitor (IC = 5.3 μM), and could inhibit (58.2%) and disaggregate (43.3%) self-mediated Aβ aggregation. 4f also could reduce the levels of pathological tau and APP clearance, and displayed a wide safe range hepatotoxicity on LO2 cells. The in vivo studies revealed that 4f exhibited fascinating dyskinesia recovery rate and response efficiency on AlCl-mediated zebrafish, and demonstrated significant protective effect on vascular injury caused by Aβ. PET-CT imaging demonstrated that [C]4f exhibited high BBB penetration (especially could reach to hippocampus and striatum of brain) and had a fast brain uptake after intravenous bolus injection. Furthermore, compound 4f could improve scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment. Further, the metabolism in vitro of 4f was also investigated, and presented 3 metabolites in rat liver microsome metabolism, 4 metabolites in human liver microsome, and 4 metabolites in rat intestinal flora, providing previous data for the preclinical study. Therefore, these results implied that compound 4f was an advanced multi-function agent and deserved further preclinical study against mild-to-serve Alzheimer’s disease.
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