In spite of the tremendous efforts of the World Health Organization, scientific and medical community to eradicate lymphatic filariasis (LF) within 2020, the disease is still taking a huge toll on mankind throughout the globe. The current therapeutic strategies and solution measures against this alarming condition are suffering from a number of limitations such as inadequate effectiveness of the drugs against the adult-stage parasites, low bioavailability, and emergence of resistance. Considering this situation, development of the new therapeutics are urgently needed to combat human LF, especially targeting the adult filarial nematodes. Brugia malayi, the causative parasite for the human brugian filariasis majorly found in the countries of the South-Asia. In this study, we have designed a vaccine candidate using B-cell and T-cell epitopes derived from the aspartic protease of B. malayi (BmASP-1) and found to display significant humoral and cell mediated immune responses using in-silico approaches. Protein-protein docking between the human Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and the vaccine candidate helped us to predict the way of inductive signaling that leads to immune-response. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation studies further confirmed the proper docking between the TLR4 and vaccine candidate. Moreover, in-silico cloning of the vaccine element within the expression vector was found useful to optimize the restriction sites as well as to determine the primer location. Taken together, the in-silico vaccine candidate depicted in this study promises could be a useful therapeutic option for treating LF and experimental validation of this study is expected to strengthen the candidature of the said vaccine in the future.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.