Alteration in the polybromo-1 (PBRM1) protein encoding gene PBRM1 is the second most frequent mutation in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). It causes a series of changes in the tumorigenesis, progression, prognosis, and immune response of ccRCC patients. This study explored the PBRM1-associated immunological features and identified the immune-related genes (IRGs) linked to PBRM1 mutation using bioinformatics methods. A total of 37 survival IRGs associated with PBRM1 mutation in ccRCC patients were identified. To further explore the role of these IRGs in ccRCC and their association with immune status, eight IRGs with remarkable potential as individual targets were selected. An immune model that was constructed showed good performance in stratifying patients into different subgroups, showing clinical application potential compared to traditional clinical factors. Patients in the high-risk group were inclined to have more advanced stage and higher grade tumors with node metastasis, distant metastasis, and poorer prognosis. Furthermore, these patients had high percentages of regulatory T cells, follicular helper T cells, and M0 macrophages and exhibited high expression levels of immune checkpoints proteins, such as CTLA-4, PD-1, LAG-3, TIGIT, and CD47. Finally, a nomogram integrating the model and clinical factors for clinical application showed a more robust predictive performance for prognosis. The prediction model associated with PBRM1 mutation status and immunity can serve as a promising tool to stratify patients depending upon their immune status, thus facilitating immunotherapy in the future.
© 2021 The Authors. Cancer Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.