Practical cell-based assays can accelerate anti-Zika (ZIKV) and anti-dengue (DENV) virus drug discovery. We developed an immunodetection assay (IA), using a pan-flaviviral monoclonal antibody recognizing a conserved envelope domain. The final protocol includes a direct virus yield reduction assay (YRA) carried out in the human Huh7 cell line, followed by transfer of the supernatant to a secondary Huh7 culture to characterize late antiviral effects. Sofosbuvir and ribavirin were used to validate the assay, while celgosivir was used to evaluate the ability to discriminate between early and late antiviral activity. In the direct YRA, at 100, 50, and 25 TCID, sofosbuvir IC values were 5.0 ± 1.5, 2.7 ± 0.5, 2.5 ± 1.1 µM against ZIKV and 16.6 ± 2.8, 4.6 ± 1.4, 2.6 ± 2.2 µM against DENV; ribavirin IC values were 6.8 ± 4.0, 3.8 ± 0.6, 4.5 ± 1.4 µM against ZIKV and 17.3 ± 4.6, 7.6 ± 1.2, 4.1 ± 2.3 µM against DENV. Sofosbuvir and ribavirin IC values determined in the secondary YRA were reproducible and comparable with those obtained by direct YRA and plaque reduction assay (PRA). In agreement with the proposed mechanism of late action, celgosivir was active against DENV only in the secondary YRA (IC 11.0 ± 1.0 µM) and in PRA (IC 10.1 ± 1.1 µM). The assay format overcomes relevant limitations of the gold standard PRA, allowing concurrent analysis of candidate antiviral compounds against different viruses and providing preliminary information about early versus late antiviral activity.
Local mucosal immunization of self-assembled nanofibers elicits robust antitumor effects in an orthotopic model of mouse genital tumors.
January 23, 2020
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- CROI 2020Every year, CROI hosts some of the world's leading experts in HIV research, who come to present exciting new data and drive forward the field of HIV/AIDS research. This year, due to COVID-19, CROI held their meeting virtually.