Immunoreactive Trypsinogen (IRT) is a protein-based pancreatic proenzyme that has an important role in protein digestion in humans. In human body, once IRT present in the small intestine, the proteolytic cleavage activates trypsinogen into trypsin. When IRT is in the active form, it is capable to cleave antibodies, other proteins and even itself while it is desired to use in immunoassays. According to the literature, there are three important IRT isoforms called Immunoreactive Trypsinogen 1 (IRT1), Immunoreactive Trypsinogen 2 (IRT2), and Immunoreactive Trypsinogen 3 (IRT3). However, trypsinogen 1 (cationic trypsinogen, IRT1) and trypsinogen 2 (anionic trypsinogen, IRT2) are the major isoforms in human pancreatic juice and used in the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF). In this study, it is aimed to restrain its proteolytic activity with K23D mutation, which changes lysine (K) residue at the 23rd position to aspartic acid (D). Because we wanted to produce a hassle-free human recombinant immune reactive trypsinogen proenzyme which has similar antigenic properties with the native form. It is also aimed that the mutant IRTs do not exhibit proteolytic activity for the development of durable detection kits with a longer shelf life for both two isoforms. The innovation was actualized in order to use IRTs as a standard antigen in Immunoassays such as ELISA kits. The gene was synthesized as mutated and expressed in P. pastoris X-33 strain. The loss of proteolytic activity has been proven with the BAEE test. Antigenic properties of K23D IRTs and the effect of proteolytic inactivation on their performance in immunoassays were assessed with ELISA and Western Blot. In ELISA results K23D mutated IRTs showed higher signals than Wild-Type forms.
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