: Compared to clinic blood pressure (BP), sleep-time BP and non-dipping BP pattern are better predictors of target organ damage and cardiovascular sequalae.: In a retrospective study, we determined whether diabetes mellitus (DM) status is associated with high sleep-time BP and non-dipping pattern.: We analyzed 1092 patients who underwent ambulatory BP monitoring between 2015 and 2017 in a tertiary cardiology institution. During a 24-hour period, BP was automatically measured every 15 minutes between 7:00 AM and 11:59 PM and every 30 minutes thereafter.: Compared with the non-DM group (n = 910), the DM group (n = 182) had a higher 24-hour systolic BP (137 ± 17 vs. non-DM, 132 ± 14 mmHg, p < 0.001) and sleep-time systolic BP (132 ± 20 vs. 123 ± 16 mmHg, p < 0.001), and was more likely to exhibit non-dipping (63% vs 42%, p˂0.001). The DM group was also less likely to meet the guideline-recommended target of 120/70 mmHg for the sleep-time BP measured via ambulatory monitoring (22% vs. 34%, p = 0.002). After adjusting for the effects of age, sex, body mass index, smoking, urea, eGFR, previous myocardial infarction, previous percutaneous coronary intervention, previous coronary artery bypass surgery, and previous stroke, DM remained a significant independent predictor of a higher 24-hour systolic BP (coefficient: 2.8, 95% confidence interval: 0.1-5.5, p = 0.042) and higher sleep-time systolic BP (coefficient: 4.2, 95% confidence interval: 1.1-7.3, p = 0.008). There was a trend toward more sleep-time non-dipping BP pattern (odds ratio: 1.4, 95% confidence interval: 1.0-2.0, p = 0.087) in the DM group.: DM is independently associated with suboptimal 24-hour BP control. This association is mainly attributed to a high sleep-time systolic BP.
Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene and picene mediate actions via estrogen receptor α signaling pathway in in vitro cell systems, altering gene expression.
April 7, 2020
January 31, 2020
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- ENDO: 2020ENDO 2020 Annual Conference has been canceled due to COVID-19. Here are highlights of emerging data that has still been released. Keep an eye out for ENDO Online 2020, which will take place from June 8 to 22.