Evaluation of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C patients (CHC) provides a high value, not only for the diagnosis of the disease, but also for the therapeutic decision. The aim of the current study is the construction of simple non-invasive and more accurate score for liver fibrosis staging in CHC patients and estimating its performance against three published non-invasive indexes.
CHC patients were divided into two groups: an estimated group (n = 75) and validated group (n = 50). Liver fibrosis was tested in biopsies by Metavair score system. Fas/CD95, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and endostatin were assayed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Statistical analysis was performed by stepwise linear discriminate analysis and area under-receiver operating curves (AUCs).
The multivariate discriminate analysis (MDA) selects a function based on absolute values of five biochemical markers; FHEPA (Fas/CD95, HGF, Endostatin, Platelets&Albumin)-Test score = 1.2 × Fas/CD95 (ng/ml) + 0.006 × HGF (pg/ml) + 0.03 × Endostatin (ng/ml) – 0.007 × platelets count(10/L)-3.6 × Albumin (g/dl) – 8.6.FHEPA-Test producesAUCs 0.99, 0.877 and 0.847 to discriminate patients with significant fibrosis (F2-F4), advanced fibrosis (F3-F4) and cirrhosis (F4), respectively.
FHEPA-Test is considered a novel non-invasive test which could be applied in assessment of liver fibrosis in HCV infected patients. Our novel score was more efficient than Immune Fibrosis Index, Fibrosis Index and FibroQ and thus it could be more applicable, feasible & economic for Egyptian HCV patients. Our Novel Scoring system could be globalized to other populations to confirm its advantageous use in early diagnosis of liver fibrosis.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.

References

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