This investigation examines the effectiveness of several common contact lens solutions in the disinfection of Acanthamoeba, which causes a serious eye infection most often resulting from dysfunctional or improper use of contact lens products.
Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) is an eye infection caused by a free-living amoeba, which can lead to extensive corneal damage and frequently blindness. AK is linked with contact lens use combined with noncompliance with contact lens care cleaning regimens. The patient’s choice and use of multi-purpose solutions (MPSs) continue to be a risk factor for AK. Thus, it is critical that the Acanthamoeba disinfection efficacy of the popular MPSs be determined. Here we compare the efficacy of seven major MPSs on the global market.
Using standard methods of Acanthamoeba disinfection and quantification, Acanthamoeba ATCC 30461, 30868, 50370, and 50676 trophozoites were inoculated into each MPS and held for the manufacturer’s recommended disinfection time. Acanthamoeba recovery plates were incubated for 14 days, after which positive wells were identified and cell concentrations determined using 50% endpoint method.
Members of the OPTI-FREE products (Express, Replenish, and Puremoist (Alcon, Fort Worth, TX, USA)) demonstrated significantly higher percentages of antimicrobial activity compared to the renu Advanced Formula (Bausch + Lomb, Rochester, NY, USA), Biotrue (Bausch + Lomb, Rochester, NY), Acuvue RevitaLens (Johnson & Johnson, Santa Ana, CA), and Lite products (Cooper Vision, Scottsville, NY), for four of the trophozoite strains tested.
Many of the popular MPS biocides maintain little or no antimicrobial activity against Acanthamoeba trophozoites, and the number of biocides in an MPS does not necessarily indicate its antimicrobial activity.
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