To investigate the diagnostic utilities of imaging parameters derived from T1-weighted imaging (T1WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) to differentiate bone metastases from prostate cancer and benign red marrow depositions of the pelvic bone.
Thirty-six lesions from 36 patients with prostate cancer were analyzed with T1WI, DWI, and DCE-MRI. The lesions were classified in the bone metastases (n = 22) and benign red marrow depositions (n = 14). Lesion-muscle ratio (LMR), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), volume transfer constant (K), reflux rate (Kep), and volume fraction of the extravascular extracellular matrix (Ve) values were obtained from the lesions. The imaging parameters of the both groups were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test, receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves were analyzed. For the ROC curves, area under the curves (AUCs) were compared.
The ADC, K, K and V values of bone metastases were significantly higher than those of benign red marrow depositions (Mann-Whitney U test, p < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in LMR between the two groups (Mann-Whitney U test, p = 0.360). The AUCs of K K ADC, V and LMR were 0.896, 0.844, 0.812, 0.724, and 0.448, respectively. In the pairwise comparison of ROC curves, the AUCs of K and K was significantly higher than LMR.
K, K, V, and ADC values can be used as imaging tools to differentiate bone metastases from prostate cancer and benign red marrow depositions of the pelvic bone.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.